Critical Patches Issued for Microsoft Products

Fortify Security Team
Jan 12, 2021

OVERVIEW:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Microsoft products, the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could result in an attacker gaining the same privileges as the logged-on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

The vulnerability Microsoft Defender Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2021-1647) has been seen exploited in the wild, although it has not been disclosed publicly.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Microsoft Windows
  • Microsoft Edge (EdgeHTML-based)
  • Microsoft Office and Microsoft Office Services and Web Apps
  • Microsoft Windows Codecs Library
  • Visual Studio
  • SQL Server
  • Microsoft Malware Protection Engine
  • .NET Core
  • .NET Repository
  • ASP .NET
  • Azure

RISK:

Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High
  • Small government entities: Medium

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High
  • Small business entities: Medium

Home users: Low

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Microsoft products, the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution.

A full list of all vulnerabilities can be found at the link below:

https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-us/security-guidance

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could result in an attacker gaining the same privileges as the logged-on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate patches or appropriate mitigations provided by Microsoft to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative rights) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind all users not to visit untrusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or untrusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from untrusted sources.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services.

REFERENCES:

Microsoft:

https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-us/security-guidance

https://msrc.microsoft.com/update-guide/releaseNote/2021-Jan

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