Google Chrome Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

Fortify Security Team
Jul 16, 2021

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Chrome, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Google Chrome is a web browser used to access the Internet. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the browser. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could view, change, or delete data. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

Google stated that an exploit for CVE-2021-30563 exists in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Google Chrome versions prior to 91.0.4472.164

RISK:

Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High
  • Small government entities: High

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High
  • Small business entities: High

Home users: Low

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Chrome, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Details of the vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • A use after free vulnerability exists in V8. (CVE-2021-30541)
  • An out of bounds write vulnerability exists in ANGLE. (CVE-2021-30559)
  • A use after free vulnerability exists in Blink XSLT. (CVE-2021-30560)
  • A type confusion vulnerability exists in V8. (CVE-2021-30561, CVE-2021-30563)
  • A use after free vulnerability exists in WebSerial. (CVE-2021-30562)
  • A heap buffer overflow vulnerability exists in WebXR. (CVE-2021-30564)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the browser. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could view, change, or delete data. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply the stable channel update provided by Google to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services.

REFERENCES:

Google:

https://chromereleases.googleblog.com/2021/07/stable-channel-update-for-desktop.html

CVE:
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-30541
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-30559
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-30560
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-30561
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-30562
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-30563
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-30564

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