Google Chrome Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

Fortify Security Team
Sep 23, 2021

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Chrome, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Google Chrome is a web browser used to access the Internet. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the browser. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could view, change, or delete data. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE: There are currently no reports of this vulnerability being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Google Chrome versions prior to 94.0.4606.54

RISK:

Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High
  • Small government entities: High

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High
  • Small business entities: High

Home users: Low

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Chrome, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Details of the vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • Use after free vulnerability exists in Offline use. (CVE-2021-37956)
  • Use after free vulnerability exists in WebGPU. (CVE-2021-37957)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in Navigation. (CVE-2021-37958)
  • Use after free vulnerability exists in Task Manager. (CVE-2021-37959)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in Blink graphics. (CVE-2021-37960)
  • Use after free vulnerability exists in Tab Strip. (CVE-2021-37961)
  • Use after free vulnerability exists in Performance Manager. (CVE-2021-37962)
  • Side-channel information leakage vulnerability exists in DevTools. (CVE-2021-37963)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in ChromeOS Networking. (CVE-2021-37964)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in Background Fetch API. (CVE-2021-37965)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in Compositing. (CVE-2021-37966)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in Background Fetch API. (CVE-2021-37967)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in Background Fetch API. (CVE-2021-37968)
  • Inappropriate implementation vulnerability exists in Google Updater. (CVE-2021-37969)
  • Use after free vulnerability exists in File System API. (CVE-2021-37970)
  • Incorrect security UI vulnerability exists in Web Browser UI. (CVE-2021-37971)
  • Out of bounds read vulnerability exists in libjpeg-turbo. (CVE-2021-37972)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the browser. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could view, change, or delete data. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply the stable channel update provided by Google to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services.

REFERENCES:

Google:
https://chromereleases.googleblog.com/2021/09/stable-channel-update-for-desktop_21.html

CVE:
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37956
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37957
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37958
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37959
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37960
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37961
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37962
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37963
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37964
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37965
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37966
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37967
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37968
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37969
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37970
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37971
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-37972

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