Citrix SD-WAN Contains Hard-Coded Credentials

Fortify Security Team
Apr 13, 2022

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Citrix SD-WAN. Citrix SD-WAN is a software defined Wide Area Network (WAN) which can allow for easier management of multiple networks. The most severe of these vulnerabilities contains hard-coded credentials. Depending on the privileges associated with the user an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE: There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Citrix SD-WAN Standard/Premium Edition Appliance versions before 11.4.3a
  • Citrix SD-WAN Center Management Console versions before 11.4.3
  • Citrix SD-WAN Standard/Premium Edition Appliance versions before 11.4.1
  • Citrix SD-WAN Orchestrator for On-Premises versions before 13.2.1

RISK:
Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: Medium
  • Small government entities: Medium

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: Medium
  • Small business entities: Medium

Home users: Low

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Citrix SD-WAN. The most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary JavaScript code execution. Details of the vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • Reflected cross site scripting (XSS) could allow for arbitrary JavaScript code execution. (CVE-2022-27505)
  • Hard-coded credentials allow administrators to access the shell via the SD-WAN CLI. (CVE-2022-27506)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities contains hard-coded credentials. Depending on the privileges associated with the user an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate updates provided by Citrix to vulnerable systems, immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources.

Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services.

REFERENCES:

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate updates provided by Citrix to vulnerable systems, immediately after appropriate testing.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources.

Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services

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