Google Android OS Could Allow for Privilege Escalation

Fortify Security Team
Nov 8, 2022

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for privilege escalation. Android is an operating system developed by Google for mobile devices, including, but not limited to, smartphones, tablets, and watches. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for privilege escalation. Depending on the privileges associated with the exploited component, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE: There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Android OS patch levels prior to 2022-11-05

RISK:
Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High
  • Small government entities: High

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High
  • Small business entities: High

Home users: Low

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for privilege escalation in the context of the affected component. Following the MITRE ATT&CK framework, exploitation of these vulnerabilities can be classified as follows:
Tactic: Privilege Escalation (TA0004):
     Technique: Abuse Elevation Control Mechanism (T1548):

  • A vulnerability in Qualcomm closed-source components that could lead to Privilege Escalation. (CVE-2021-35122)

Technique: Exploitation for Privilege Escalation (T1068):

  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Framework that could allow for escalation of privilege. (CVE-2022-2209, CVE-2022-20441, CVE-2022-20446, CVE-2022-20448, CVE-2022-20450, CVE-2022-20452, CVE-2022-20457)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in System that could allow for escalation of privilege. (CVE-2022-20451, CVE-2022-20454, CVE-2022-20462, CVE-2022-20463, CVE-2022-20465)

Details of lower-severity vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • A vulnerability in Multiple components that could allow for Denial of Service. (CVE-2022-20426)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in System that could allow for information disclosure. (CVE-2022-20445, CVE-2022-20447)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in System that could allow for Denial of Service. (CVE-2022-20414, CVE-2022-20453)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Imagination Technologies components. (CVE-2021-1050, CVE-2021-39661)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in MediaTek components. (CVE-2022-32601, CVE-2022-32602)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Unisoc components. (CVE-2022-2984, CVE-2022-2985, CVE-2022-38669, CVE-2022-38670, CVE-2022-39105, CVE-2022-38672, CVE-2022-38673, CVE-2022-38676, CVE-2022-38690)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm components. (CVE-2022-25724, CVE-2022-25741, CVE-2022-25743)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm closed-source components. (CVE-2021-35108, CVE-2021-35109, CVE-2021-35132, CVE-2021-35135, CVE-2022-25671, CVE-2022-33234, CVE-2022-33236, CVE-2022-33237, CVE-2022-33239)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for privilege escalation. Depending on the privileges associated with the exploited component, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS:
We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate patches provided by Google to vulnerable systems, immediately after appropriate testing. (M1022: Restrict Files and Directory Permissions)
    • Safeguard 3.3: Configure Data Access Control Lists: Configure data access control lists based on a user’s need to know. Apply data access control lists, also known as access permissions, to local and remote file systems, databases, and applications.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services. Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack. (M1026: Privileged Account Management)
    • Safeguard 4.7: Manage Default Accounts on Enterprise Assets and Software: Manage default accounts on enterprise assets and software, such as root, administrator, and other pre-configured vendor accounts. Example implementations can include: disabling default accounts or making them unusable.
    • Safeguard 5.4: Restrict Administrator Privileges to Dedicated Administrator Accounts: Restrict administrator privileges to dedicated administrator accounts on enterprise assets. Conduct general computing activities, such as internet browsing, email, and productivity suite use, from the user’s primary, non-privileged account.
  • Make configuration changes related to the operating system or a common feature of the operating system that result in system hardening against techniques. (M1028: Privileged Account Management)
    • Safeguard 4.1: Establish and Maintain a Secure Configuration Process: Establish and maintain a secure configuration process for enterprise assets (end-user devices, including portable and mobile, non-computing/IoT devices, and servers) and software (operating systems and applications). Review and update documentation annually, or when significant enterprise changes occur that could impact this Safeguard.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources. Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources. (M1017: User Training)
  • Use capabilities to detect and block conditions that may lead to or be indicative of a software exploit occurring. (M1050: Exploit Protection)
    • Safeguard 10.5: Enable Anti-Exploitation Features: Enable anti-exploitation features on enterprise assets and software, where possible, such as Apple® System Integrity Protection (SIP) and Gatekeeper™.

REFERENCES:

Google:
https://source.android.com/docs/security/bulletin/2022-11-01

CVE:
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-1050
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-35108
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-35109
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-35122
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-35132
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-35135
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-39661
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20414
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20426
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20441
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20445
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20446
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20447
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20448
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20450
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20451
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20452
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20453
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20454
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20457
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20462
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20463
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-20465
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-2209
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-25671
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-25724
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-25741
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-25743
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-2984
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-2985
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-32601
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-32602
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-33234
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-33236
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-33237
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-33239
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-38669
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-38670
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-38672
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-38673
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-38676
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-38690
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-39105

Recent Posts

VMware Workspace ONE Assist Could Allow for Privilege Escalation

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in VMware Workspace ONE Assist, the most severe of which could allow for privilege escalation. VMware Workspace ONE Assist is a remote access tool used to remotely access and troubleshoot VMware devices. Successful...

Google Chrome Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Chrome, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Google Chrome is a web browser used to access the internet. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could...

Microsoft Patch Tuesday – 11/8/22

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Microsoft products, the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution in the context of the logged on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs;...